Contributors

Adewale O. Adeniran, MD 
Resident, Department of Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 
Animesh Agarwal, MD 
Professor and Chief, Department of Orthopaedics, Division of Orthopaedic Trauma, University of Texas Health Science Center, Director of Orthopaedic Trauma, University Hospital, San Antonio, Texas 
Devendra Agraharam, DNB 
Associate Consultant in Trauma, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India 
Romney C. Andersen, MD 
Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland 
George S. Athwal, MD, FRCSC 
Associate Professor of Surgery, Western University, Consultant, Roth-McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Centre, St Joseph’s Health Care, Ontario, Canada 
Roger M. Atkins, MA, MB, BS, DM, FRCS 
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, England 
David P. Barei, MD, FRCSC 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 
Jan Bartoníček MD, DSc 
Professor and Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, 1st Faculty of Medicine of Charles University Prague and Central Military Hospital Prague, Department of Anatomy, 1st Faculty of Medicine of Charles University Prague, Prague, Czech Republic 
Daphne M. Beingessner, BMath, BSc, MSc, MD, FRCSC 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Orthopaedic Traumatology, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 
Mohit Bhandari, MD, PhD, FRCSC 
Professor and Head, Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Associate Chair, Research, Department of Surgery, Canada Research Chair in Musculoskeletal Trauma, Associate Faculty, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada 
Leela C. Biant, BSc(hons), MBBS, AFRCSEd, FRCS (Tr & Orth), MS(res)Lond 
Consultant Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgeon, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Honorary Senior Lecturer, The University of Edinburgh, NRS Career Clinician Scientist Fellow, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Aaron J. Bois, MD, MSc, FRCSC 
Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada 
Brett Bolhofner, MD 
Director, Orthopaedic Trauma Services, Bayfront Medical Center, Clinical Assistant Professor, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Saint Petersburg, Florida 
Christopher M. Bono, MD 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 
Christina Boulton, MD 
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics, Department of Orthopaedics, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 
Mark R. Brinker, MD 
Director of Acute and Reconstructive Trauma, Co-Director, The Center for Problem Fractures and Limb Restoration, Texas Orthopedic Hospital, Fondren Orthopedic Group, Houston, Texas, Clinical Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, Clinical Professor, Joseph Barnhart Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Clinical Professor Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas 
Kate E. Bugler, BA, MRCS 
Specialty Registrar, Clinical Research Fellow, Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Harvey Chim, MBBS 
Hand Surgery Fellow, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Division of Hand Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
David Ciceri, MD 
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Director, Surgical Intensive Care, Scott & White HealthCare, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, Texas 
Michael P. Clare, MD 
Director of Fellowship Education, Foot & Ankle Fellowship, Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Tampa, Florida 
Nicholas D. Clement, MRCSEd 
Orthopaedic Research Fellow, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Cory A. Collinge, MD 
Director of Orthopaedic Trauma, Harris Methodist Fort Worth Hospital, Clinical Staff, John Peter Smith Hospital, Fort Worth, Texas 
Marlon O. Coulibaly, MD 
Assistant Professor, Department of General and Trauma Surgery, Rhur-University Bochum, Attending Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of General and Trauma Surgery, Berufsgenossenschaftliches Universitäklinikum Bergmannshiel GmbH, Bochum, Germany 
Charles M. Court-Brown, MD, FRCS Ed (Orth) 
Professor of Orthopaedic Trauma, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Anthony DeGiacomo, MD 
Orthopaedic Surgery Resident, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 
J. Dheenadhayalan, MS 
Senior Consultant in Trauma and Upper Limb Service, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India 
Douglas R. Dirschl, MD 
Professor and Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, Illinois 
Paul J. Dougherty, MD 
Residency Program Director, Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan, Associate Professor, Residency Director, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Andrew D. Duckworth, MSc, MRCSEd 
Edinburgh Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Anil K. Dutta, MD 
Associate Professor, Fred G. Corley, MD Distinguished Professorship in Orthopaedics, Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 
Cory Edgar, MD, PhD 
Assistant Professor and Team Physician, University of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut 
Thomas A. Einhorn, MD 
Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Biochemistry and Biomedical Engineering, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 
William J. J. Ertl, MD 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 
Michael J. Gardner, MD 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 
Christos Garnavos, MD, PhD 
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedics, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece 
Peter V. Giannoudis, MD, FRCS 
Professor of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds General Infirmary University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom 
George J. Haidukewych, MD 
Director of Orthopedic Trauma, Chief of Complex Joint Replacement, Academic Chairman for the Orthopedic Faculty Practice, Professor, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, Florida 
Mark H. Henry, MD 
Hand & Wrist Center of Houston, Houston, Texas 
Martin F. Hoffman, MD 
Assistant Professor, Department of General and Trauma Surgery, Rhur-University Bochum, Attending Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of General and Trauma Surgery, Berufsgenossenschaftliches Universitätsklinikum Bergmannshiel GmbH, Bochum, Germany 
Andrew Jawa, MD 
Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 
Mark Jo, MD 
Huntington Orthopedics, Pasadena, California 
Leo Joskowicz, PhD 
Professor, School of Engineering and Computer Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel 
Christopher C. Kaeding, MD 
The Ohio State University Sports Medicine Center, Judson Wilson Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Co-Medical Director, Sports Medicine Center, Head Team Physician, Department of Athletics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 
Michael S. Kain, MD 
Director, Resident Education, Department of Orthopaedics, Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts 
Sanjeev Kakar, MD, MRCS 
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
Kerry M. Kallas, MD 
Musculoskeletal Radiologist, Center for Diagnostic Imaging, Sartell, Minnesota 
Matthew D. Karam, MD 
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 
Madhav A. Karunakar, MD 
Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Traumatologist, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 
John F. Keating, MPhil, FRCS(Ed) (Orth) 
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Christopher K. Kepler, MD 
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Hubert T. Kim, MD, PhD 
Associate Professor and Vice Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Director, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UCSF Cartilage Repair and Regeneration Center, UCSF Orthopaedic Institute, San Francisco, California 
Graham J.W. King, MD, MSc, FRCSC 
Professor, Departments of Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, Western University, Director, Roth McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Centre, St. Joseph’s Health Centre, London, Ontario, Canada 
Erik N. Kubiak, MD 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 
Joshua Langford, MD 
Orthopedic Traumatologist, Level One Orthopedics at Orlando Health, Orlando, Florida 
Meir Liebergall, MD 
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hebrew University, Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel 
Mark J. Lemos, MD 
Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Vice Chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Director of Sports Medicine, Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts 
Bruce A. Levy, MD 
Professor, Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
Ralph Marcucio, PhD 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Director, Laboratory for Skeletal Regeneration, Orthopaedic Surgery, UCSF/SFGH Orthopaedic Trauma Institute, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 
J. L. Marsh, MD 
The Carroll B. Larson Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 
Augustus D. Mazzocca, MS, MD 
Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UConn Health Center, Director, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Clinical Biomechanics, Director, Bioskills Laboratory, Farmington, Connecticut 
Michael D. McKee, MD, FRCS(C) 
Professor, Upper Extremity Reconstructive Service, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedics, St. Michael’s Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada 
Margaret M. McQueen, MD, FRCS Ed (Orth) 
Professor of Orthopaedic Trauma, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
J. Stuart Melvin, MD 
OrthoCarolina, Charlotte, North Carolina 
Theodore Miclau III, MD 
Professor and Vice Chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Chief of Service, Director, UCSF/SFGH Orthopaedic Trauma Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 
Timothy L. Miller, MD 
Team Physician for The Ohio State University Track and Field and Cross-Country Teams, Assistant Director of The Ohio State University Medical Center Endurance Medicine Team, The Ohio State University Sports Medicine Center, Columbus, Ohio 
Sohail K. Mirza, MD 
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Professor of the Dartmouth Institute, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 
Berton Moed, MD 
Professor and Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 
Thomas Moore Jr, MD 
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Emory University School of Medicine, Grady Health Systems, Orthopaedic Clinic, Atlanta, Georgia 
Steven L. Moran, MD 
Professor of Orthopedics, Professor of Plastic Surgery, Departments of Orthopaedic and Plastic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
Rami Mosheiff 
Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The Hadassah-Hebrew University, Head of Orthopedic Trauma Unit, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel 
Soheil Najibi, MD, PhD 
Senior Staff Orthopaedic Surgeon, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 
Sean E. Nork, MD 
Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 
Carol North, MD 
The Nancy and Ray L. Hunt Chair in Crisis Psychiatry, Professor, Departments of Psychiatry and Surgery/Division, Emergency Medicine/Section on Homeland Security, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 
Daniel P. O’Connor, PhD 
Associate Professor, Laboratory of Integrated Physiology, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 
Robert V. O’Toole, MD 
Associate Professor of Orthopaedics, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 
Hans Christoph Pape, MD 
Professor of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, University Clinic Aachen, RWTH University Aachen, Aachen, Germany 
Adam M. Pearson, MD 
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 
R. Perumal, DNB 
Associate Consultant in Trauma Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India 
Rodrigo F. Pesántez, MD 
Chief of Orthopaedic Trauma, Departamento de Ortopedia y Traumatología, Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia 
J. Whitcomb Pollock, MD, MSc, FRCSC 
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, The Ottawa Hospital General Campus, Ontario, Canada 
Robert Probe, MD 
Professor of Surgery, Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Scott & White HealthCare, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, Texas 
Robert H. Quinn, M.D. 
Professor and Chairman, Residency Program Director, John J. Hinchey M.D. and Kathryn Hinchey Chair in Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedic Oncology, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas School of Medicine, San Antonio, Texas 
Rajiv Rajani, MD 
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas School of Medicine, San Antonio, Texas 
S. Rajasekaran, MS, FRCS, MCh, DNB, PhD 
Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic & Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India 
Stuart H. Ralston, MB ChB, MD, FRCP, FRSE 
Arthritis Research UK Professor of Rheumatology, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Western General Hospital, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 
Nalini Rao, MD, FACP, FSHEA 
Clinical Professor of Medicine and Orthopedics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases (Shadyside Campus), UPMC Presbyterian Shadyside, Medical Director, Infection Control, UPMC Shadyside, Southside and Braddock, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 
Mark C. Reilly, MD 
Associate Professor and Chief Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 
Eric T. Ricchetti, MD 
Staff, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopedic and Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 
William M. Ricci, MD 
Professor, Chief, Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 
David Ring, MD, PhD 
Chief, Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Director of Research, Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachussets 
Charles A. Rockwood, Jr, MD 
Professor and Chairman Emeritus of Orthopaedics, Director, Shoulder Service, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 
Thomas P. Rüedi, MD, FACS 
Professor Dr med, FACS, Founding Member of the AO Foundation, Davos, Switzerland 
Thomas A. Russell, MD 
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Tennessee and Campbell Clinic, University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences, Elvis Presley Trauma Center and Regional Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee 
Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, MD PhD 
Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
David W. Sanders, MD, MSc, FRCS(C) 
Associate Professor, Victoria Hospital, Western University, Ontario, Canada 
Roy W. Sanders, MD 
Director, Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Chief, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, Florida 
Adam A. Sassoon, MD 
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando, Florida 
Thomas A. Schildhauer 
Clinical Professor, Department of General and Trauma Surgery, Rhur-University Bochum, Medical Director and Chairman, Department of General and Trauma Surgery, Berufsgenossenschaftliches Universitäklinikum Bergmannshiel GmbH, Bochum, Germany 
Andrew H. Schmidt, MD 
Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Director of Clinical Research, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota 
Andrew J. Schoenfeld, MD 
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, Texas 
Michael Schüetz, FRACS, FAOrthA, Dr. med. (RWTH Aachem) Dr. med. habil (HU Berlin) 
Professor and Chairman in Trauma, Science and Engineering Faculty, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Director of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia 
Jesse Slade Shantz, MD, MBA 
Orthopaedic Trauma Fellow, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Orthopaedic Trauma Fellow, UCSF/SFGH Orthopaedic Trauma Institute, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 
Alexander Y. Shin, MD 
Professor and Consultant of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Division of Hand Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
Sarina K. Sinclair, PhD 
Orthopaedics - Research Instructor, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 
Wade R. Smith, MD, FACS 
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Orthopaedic Trauma Surgeon, HCA Healthone Clinical Services, Mountain Orthopaedic Trauma Surgeons at Swedish, Englewood, Colorado 
Adam Starr, MD 
Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 
Scott P. Steinmann, MD 
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
Philipp N. Streubel, MD 
Assistant Professor, Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 
S. R. Sundararajan, MS 
Senior Consultant in Trauma and Arthroscopy Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India 
Allan F. Tencer, PhD 
Professor Emeritus, Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 
Paul Tornetta III, MD 
Professor and Vice Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Director of Orthopaedic Trauma, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 
Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD 
Everrett J. and Marion Gordon Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Professor of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Vice Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Co-Director, Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley, Co-Director of Spine Surgery and the Spine Fellowship program, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Eric Wagner, MD 
Research Fellow, Department of Orthopaedics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 
J. Tracy Watson, MD 
Professor Orthopaedic Surgery, Chief, Orthopaedic Traumatology Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis University Health Sciences Center, St. Louis, Missouri 
Daniel B. Whelan, MD, MSc, FRCSC 
Assistant Professor, University of Toronto Sports Medicine Program, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital, Ontario, Canada 
Timothy. O. White, MD, FRCSEd(Orth) 
Consultant Orthopaedic Trauma Surgeon, Edinburgh Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland 
Michael A. Wirth, MD 
Professor/Charles A. Rockwood Jr., M.D. Chair, Shoulder Service, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Division of Orthopaedics, Audie Murphy Veterans Hospital, San Antonio, Texas 
Donald A. Wiss, MD 
Director of Orthopaedic Trauma, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 
Bruce H. Ziran, MD 
Director of Orthopaedic Trauma, Orthopaedic Residency Program, Atlanta Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia